Volume 8, Issue 1 (March 2021)                   J. Food Qual. Hazards Control 2021, 8(1): 41-44 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zamanian Chaleshtori Z, Bonyadian M, Moshtaghi H, Ebrahimi A. Antifungal Effects of Essential Oils of Zataria multiflora, Mentha pulegium, and Mentha piperita. J. Food Qual. Hazards Control. 2021; 8 (1) :41-44
URL: http://jfqhc.ssu.ac.ir/article-1-293-en.html
Department of Health and Food Quality Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord, Iran , boniadian@sku.ac.ir
Abstract:   (241 Views)

Background: Among important fungi associated with foods are Aspergillus spp., Penicillium spp., and Geotrichum spp. In this study, we evaluated antifungal effects of Essential Oils (EOs) of Zataria multiflora, Mentha pulegium, and Mentha piperita.  
Methods: Antifungal properties of EOs of M. piperita, M. pulegium, and Z. multiflora against Aspergillus spp., Penicillium spp., and Geotrichum candidum were determined by agar well diffusion and broth macrodilution method. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20.
Results: Among three studied plant EOs, Z. multiflora EO had the strongest antifungal activity (p<0.05) on tested fungi; so that the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were 0.01 and 0.3% for G. candidum, 0.005 and 0.3% for Penicillium spp., and 0.1 and 0.3% for Aspergillus spp.
Conclusion: All three studied plant EOs showed antifungal activities. However, as Z. multiflora EO showed the most antifungal effect, it could be specially suggested as natural powerful antifungal preservatives in the food industry.

DOI: 10.18502/jfqhc.8.1.5462

Full-Text [PDF 490 kb]   (138 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Short communication | Subject: Special
Received: 19/02/13 | Accepted: 20/08/03 | Published: 21/03/13

1. Ameziane N., Boubaker H., Boudyach H., Msanda F., Jilal A., Ait Benaoumar A. (2007). Antifungal activity of Moroccan plants against citrus fruit pathogens. Agronomy for Sustainable Development. 27: 273-277. [DOI: 10.1051/agro:2007022] [DOI:10.1051/agro:2007022]
2. Burt S. (2004). Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods-a review. International Journal of Food Microbiology. 94: 223-253. [DOI:10.1016/j. ijfoodmicro.2004.03.022] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.03.022] [PMID]
3. Derek J.S., Gary P.M. (2014). Human pathogenic fungi: molecular biology and pathogenic mechanisms. Caister Academic Press, UK.
4. Effatpanah H., Sabokbar A., Kordbacheh P., Bahonar A.R., Bayat M., Saeednejad L. (2010). Antifungal effect of Zataria multiflora: an in vitro evaluation. Journal of Global Veterinaria. 4: 140-143.
5. Fontenelle R.O.S., Morais S.M., Brito E.H.S., Kerntopf M.R., Brilhante R.S.N., Cordeiro R.A., Tomé A.R., Queiroz M.G.R., Nascimento N.R.F., Sidrim J.J.C., Rocha M.F.G. (2007). Chemical composition, toxicological aspects and antifungal activity of essential oil from Lippia sidoides Cham. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. 59: 934-940. [DOI: 10.1093/jac/ dkm066] [DOI:10.1093/jac/dkm066] [PMID]
6. Gandomi H., Misaghi A., Akhondzadeh Basti A., Bokaei S., Khosravi A., Abbasifar A., Jebelli Javan A. (2009). Effect of Zataria multiflora Boiss. essential oil on growth and aflatoxin formation by Aspergillus flavus in culture media and cheese. Food and Chemical Toxicology. 47: 2397-2400. [DOI:10. 1016/j.fct.2009.05.024] [DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2009.05.024] [PMID]
7. Hammer K.A., Carson C.F., Riley T.V. (1999). Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and other plant extracts. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 86: 985-990. [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2672.1999.00780.x] [DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2672.1999.00780.x] [PMID]
8. Khatibi S.A., Misaghi A., Moosavy M.H., Amoabediny G., Akhondzadeh Basti A. (2015). Effect of preparation methods on the properties of Zataria multiflora Boiss. essential oil loaded nanoliposomes: characterization of size, encapsulation efficiency and stability. Pharmaceutical Sciences. 20: 141-148.
9. Khosravi A.R., Shokri H., Tootian Z., Alizadeh M., Yahyaraeyat R. (2009). Comparative efficacies of Zataria multiflora essential oil and itraconazole against disseminated Candida albicans infection in BALB/c mice. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology. 40: 439-445. [DOI: 10.1590/S1517-83822009000300003] [DOI:10.1590/S1517-83822009000300003] [PMID] [PMCID]
10. Ledenbach L.H., Marshall R.T. (2009). Microbiological spoilage of dairy products. In: Sperber W., Doyle M. (Editors). Compendium of the microbiological spoilage of foods and beverages. Springer-Verlag, New York. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4419-0826-1_2]
11. Moradi M., Hassani A., Ehsani A., Hashemi M., Raeisi M., Naghibi S. (2014). Phytochemical and antibacterial properties of Origanum vulgare ssp. gracile growing wild in Kurdistan Province of Iran. Journal of Food Quality and Hazards Control. 1 :120-124.
12. Reiss E., Jean Shadomy H., Marshall Lyon G. (2012). Fundamental medical mycology. Wiley‐Blackwell, New Jersey. [DOI:10.1002/9781118101773]
13. Saharkhiz M.J., Motamedi M., Zomorodian K., Pakshir K., Miri R., Hemyari K. (2012). Chemical composition, antifungal and antibiofilm activities of the essential oil of Mentha piperita L. International Scholarly Research Network Pharmaceutics. 2012: 718645. [DOI: 10.5402/2012/718645] [DOI:10.5402/2012/718645] [PMID] [PMCID]
14. Singh P., Pandey A.K. (2018). Prospective of essential oils of the genus Mentha as biopesticides: a review. Frontiers in Plant Science. 9: 1295. [DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01295] [DOI:10.3389/fpls.2018.01295] [PMID] [PMCID]
15. Sokovic M.D., Vukojević J., Marin P.D., Brkic D.D., Vajs V., Van Griensven L.J.L.D. (2009). Chemical composition of essential oils of Thymus and Mentha species and their antifungal activities. Molecules. 14: 238-249. [DOI: 10.3390/molecules 14010238] [DOI:10.3390/molecules] [PMID] [PMCID]
16. Verma R.K., Chaurasia L., Kumar M. (2011). Antifungal activity of essential oils against selected building fungi. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. 2: 448-451.
17. Zarei Mahmoudabadi A., Dabbagh M.A., Fouladi Z. (2007). In vitro anti-Candida activity of Zataria multiflora Boiss. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 4: 351-353. [DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nel099] [DOI:10.1093/ecam/nel099] [PMID] [PMCID]
18. Zomorodian K., Saharkhiz M.J., Rahimi M.J., Bandegi A., Shekarkhar G., Bandegani A., Pakshir K., Bazargani A. (2011). Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from three ecotypes of Zataria multiflora. Pharmacognosy Magazine. 7: 53-59. [DOI: 10.4103/0973-1296.75902] [DOI:10.4103/0973-1296.75902] [PMID] [PMCID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of food quality and hazards control

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb